Jul 18, 2022
In Business Forum
The surprise and exasperation might have C Level Contact List bbeen less had observers taken into account the ideological power of the anti-totalitarian paradigm that shaped memory and politics in the 1990s. This paradigm gave free rein to theC Level Contact List rebuilding Central European right. It did not have to repent of its pre-war anti-Semitic and authoritarian sins, as they paled in comparison to Nazi and Communist crimes. The right in the countries of Central and Eastern Europe took full advantage of this advantage at the time of the breakdown C Level Contact List of the post-communist consensus in the 2000s and 2010s. Neither Snyder nor Applebaum is able to understand the important political role that the premise of moral equivalence between communism and Nazism played in catalysing the national-conservative offensive in the societies of central and eastern Europe. Nor can they see the crucial C Level Contact List role that the "Jewish question" played in this process. Since the nationalist right in those countries had always associated (or directly identified, in the case of its extreme wing) communists with Jews, it was able to explain their nations' crimes against Jews not just by blaming them on pro-Nazi C Level Contact List collaborators. , but also, in part, by presenting those crimes as a not entirely illegitimate C Level Contact List response to the Jewish-Bolshevik enemy who was – as the premise of moral equivalence asserts – as inhuman as the Nazis.Applebaum's Gulag and Red Famine and Snyder's Bloodlands became instant bestsellers in Central and Eastern Europe precisely because they were in tune with this project. When the post-communist C Level Contact List transition was completed in the 2000s and the National Conservatives ended their alliance with the Liberals, they began to promote xenophobic and racist views without fear of being stigmatized C Level Contact List as extremists. The shield of the anti-totalitarian paradigm protected them from that C Level Contact List possibility. On the one hand, the suffering of the members of their nations at the hands of the communists was given the same moral status as the suffering of the Jews in the Holocaust.